There are 24 pattens in Tae Kwon-Do, ranging from 19 movement patterns to 72 movement patterns.
The initial patterns are symmetrical and combination of movements are repeated with both sides of the body in opposite directions. They are also reasonably basic and introduce the beginner to the common stances, blocking techniques, strikes and kicks.
The Patterns gradually increase in complexity, providing the student with a comprehensive tool to help develop their Tae Kwon-Do skills.
Performing pattens help the students improve balance, muscle control, concentration, control of breath and overall fitness.
The Reason For 24 Patterns
The Tae Kwon-Do patterns were created over a period of years by Grandmaster General Choi Hong Hi 9th Dan (Founder Of Tae Kwon-Do), who attached his personal philosophy to the number of patterns that were to be the core of Tae Kwon-Do.
Master Choi designated that the 24 patterns were to represent his philosophy:
" Here I leave Tae Kwon-Do for mankind as a trace of man of the late 20th century.
The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life. "
Master Choi is conveying the message that compared to the life of the Earth or the Universe, mankind has existed for a very short space of time. Here Master Choi represents his own existence lasting just one day, or 24 hours, compared to the life of time itself. The first part of the message is Master Choi's legacy to the world and to mankind. Tae Kwon-Do was developed and has been promoted around the world to leave this legacy for the good of future generations.
Pattern Meanings And Interpretation
Each pattern has been given a meaning to inspire students when performing the patterns or when training or even in their daily livs.
The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolises either important or heroic figures or instances relating to historical events that shaped the course of Korean history.
Many of the patterns are named after people who lived by high morals, devoted their lives to the greater good, made sacrifices for their beliefs or achieved greatness through courage.